Everything About Treatment and Prevention of Bordetella in Dogs

Is your dog hacking away or constantly making noises as if he is choking? If this is the case, your dog might be suffering from kennel cough. Kennel cough is prevalent in dogs. Like in humans, a wide variety of bacteria can cause coughs in dogs. Amongst these bacteria, bordetella bronchiesecptica is a type of bacteria that causes kennel cough. Some of the classic characteristics of kennel cough are nasal discharge and goose honking cough. Fortunately, kennel cough or Bordetella resolves on its own in time. However, it’s best to get your dog vaccinated by vets at the animal hospital Virginia Beach for the prevention of kennel cough. 

In this blog, we will discuss some essential aspects of Bordetella, like its causes and treatment. 

Understanding what Bordetella is.

The bacterium Bordetella bronchieseptica is a common cause of kennel cough. Kennel cough is a colloquial term for infectious tracheobronchitis in dogs, which causes a cough that may last for weeks. Infected dogs’ air droplets infect other dogs, causing them to become Bordetella infected. These droplets can float in the air or cling to surfaces such as dog toys and their food bowls. Other components such as parainfluenza, reovirus, adenovirus, and others are not uncommon when testing a dog to determine which bacteria or virus strains are causing kennel cough. The term “kennel cough” refers to the collective cough.

All dogs are susceptible to kennel cough. However, it has been noticed that dogs in the company of other dogs or dogs who visit multi-dog environments like grooming facility, boarding house, dog parks are more likely to catch kennel cough. 

What are the signs of Bordetella?

Loss of appetite and lethargy are some early signs of kennel cough. These signs are very noticeable in puppies younger than six months. Besides this, a dog suffering from Bordetella may exhibit some of these symptoms;

  • A rise in body temperature
  • Green or clear nasal discharge 
  • Consistently making a honking sound
  • Anorexia 
  • Weakness and lethargy

What are the causes of Bordetella?

Your dog can catch the Bordetella infection after coming into contact with the respiratory secretions of a sick dog. When a dog infected with Bordetella barks, it shed the droplets containing the bacterium into the air. A dog can get infected by Bordetella upon inhaling the contaminated air. Licking or sharing toys with an infected dog can also cause Bordetella. The incubation period of the bacteria is two days to two weeks.

How is Bordetella Diagnosed?

Bordetella is commonly seen in younger dogs or dogs that have been recently moved from one place to another. Doctors at pet hospital Virginia Beach first take the dog’s temperature and check the chest for any fluid or sounds. Clinical signs like nasal discharge, fever, cough, and pet’s history are enough to make an accurate diagnosis. However, the vet may conduct a nasal swab test to confirm Bordetella infection.

How is Bordetella treated? 

Luckily, Bordetella can resolve without medical intervention. Your vet may prescribe an antibiotic like doxycycline and medications to relieve the cough. To prevent dehydration, the vet may administer fluid to the dog. 

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